Angora, famous for mohair, Ankara
is the capital of the Turkish
Republic. Near its great Roman citadel
is the world-famous Museum of
Anatolian Civilizations, filled
with treasures from the biblical Hittites. You can visit it on the way to Cappadocia. More...
lively city, "capital" of the Turkish Riviera, has a quaint Ottoman historic
district at its center, and many
monuments from Roman times.
It's a good base for excursions to Aspendos, Olimpos, Perge, Phaselis, Side and Termessos (map). More...
during the Early
Bronze Age, it later became the
home of a grand temple to Aphrodite,
the goddess of love. Its white
marble ruins stand amid fertile fields
in a green river valley on the way to Pamukkale. More...
Emperor Marcus Aurelius (1601-180
AD) ordered a great theater to
be built at Aspendos near Antalya (map) on the Mediterranean
coast. Restored at the order
Atatürk, it is now in excellent
condition and still used for performances. More...
known as Halicarnassus, this
popular Aegean resort
and yachting port (map) reminds many visitors
of the French Riviera hot-spot of
St Tropez. Bodrum boasts the ruins
of the Mausoleum,
one of the Seven
Wonders of the World, as well
as the lofty Castle
of St. Peter,
a Crusader fortress which now serves
as the world's foremost Museum
of Underwater Archeology. More...
the centuries, wind and water have
sculpted the volcanic bedrock of
this Central Anatolian region (map) into weird and fanciful
shapes. Early Christians sought refuge
in homes, stables, churches and storehouses
hollowed from the soft stone. Cave
homes, churches and hotels are
the attraction here, but a hot-air
balloon ride above it all
is an unforgettable adventure. More...
stupendous Temple of Apollo at
Didyma, south of Ephesus, Priene and Miletus,
was once the seat of an oracle which
rivaled that of Delphi. Construction
was begun in 494 BC. Over 2400 years
later it's still not finished, but
its ruins are breathtaking in their
size and beauty. More...
the capital of Roman Asia,
Ephesus is the best-preserved
Greco-Roman classical city on
breathtaking sight (map). More...
Gallipoli was the scene of momentous
battles during World War I. Sir Winston
Churchill sent the British and ANZAC
forces to conquer it, and Kemal
Atatürk became a war hero
by successfully defending it. More...
called Constantinople, this
great city has one foot in Europe,
the other in Asia (maps). Capital of the
Eastern Roman, Byzantine and Ottoman empires, Istanbul once
ruled all the lands within a thousand
miles. Monuments to its glorious
past abound, from sumptuous Topkapı
Palace and ancient Hagia
Sophia to the Blue
Mosque and other great mosques
of the sultans. More...
modern Aegean port
(map) is an attractive city with a pretty
waterfront promenade and a fascinating
bazaar. It's a good base for visiting Ephesus and Pergamum as
of the oldest cities in Anatolia,
Konya was the capital of the Seljuk
Turkish Empire (1200s) and
the home of its great poet and mystic,
founder of the Mevlevi
whirling dervish order. You can visit it along with Cappadocia. More...
20 km (12 miles) southwest of Ephesus,
Kuşadası is a lively fishing and
cruise port and seaside resort that
can be a base for visits to the ancient
cities of Ephesus, Priene,
and Didyma. More...
Marmaris," as it's known, is
a popular Mediterranean resort and active yachting
by verdant mountains at the western end of Turkey's Mediterranean coast (map). It's also where you board the ferryboat to Rhodes, Greece. More...
Miletus, between Priene and Didyma on the Aegean coast,
flourished as an important commercial
and governmental city from 700 BC
to 700 AD. Its great theater,
which rises from the the flood plain
of the Meander River, was
built to seat 15,000 spectators—and
it still can! More...
A 3-hour drive east from Ephesus, warm
calcium-laden mineral waters spring
from the earth to cascade over a
steep cliff, forming gleaming white travertine
pools. The Romans
built the health spa of Hierapolis
here. A short drive away are the
ruins of biblical Laodicea,
one of the Seven Churches of Asia,
and also Aphrodisias,
the famous City of Aphrodite. More...
for its great library, the
citizens of ancient Pergamum (Pergamon), a 2-3/4-hour drive north of Ephesus,
invented parchment for writing
when the supply of papyrus was cut
off. Pergamum's Aesculapium was
the most famous classical medical
ancient city a short drive east of Antalya (map) flourished
under Alexander the Great and the Romans.
It has a fine theater, stadium,
and towering Roman city gates. More...
dramatically at the foot of a sheer
mountain wall, Priene overlooks the
aptly-named Meander River and, in the distance, the great theater at Miletus.
This 2500-year-old Ionian city
was among the first to be planned
with a grid system of streets. More...
and Marc Antony met in Side ("SEE-deh"), a 2-hour drive east of Antalya (map),
for a romantic tryst. Lovers and
beach-goers have been coming ever
since. Besides its beaches,
Side has some fine ancient buildings and
a good little museum. More...
believed to be only a legend, the ncient city of Troy,
a 4-hour drive west of Istanbul near Çanakkale and
was discovered over a century ago.
A replica of the Trojan horse towers
above the walls breached by cunning
in the most famous battle of ancient
—by Tom Brosnahan